FIRST-PERSON: Denominational discourse and the future of the SBC
EDITOR'S NOTE: Jason K. Allen is president of Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.
EDITOR'S NOTE: This article was updated Jan. 15, 2020.
Metternich observed that nation-states are motivated to act in their own best interest. That principle outlasted the man himself, and during the Cold War, it informed the United States' posture toward the Soviet Union. The doctrine of Mutually Assured Destruction held that neither superpower would force a direct confrontation, knowing there would be no winner. In other words, it was in both countries' best interest to avoid war in light of the destruction it would surely bring.
This foreign policy calculation was upended by the Age of Terrorism. With terrorism, there often is no state sponsor, thus no identifiable nation-state against which to retaliate. The loss is imbalanced. A nation, like the United States, has everything to lose while an extremist, in a cave plotting an attack, has next-to-nothing to lose.
With the arrival of the internet and in particular blogging and social media, a similar scenario has developed in the online world. There's an imbalance of loss when public accusations are made. The one who leads a public ministry has everything to lose, while an anonymous blogger has nothing to lose.
This new reality is causing chaos in the Southern Baptist Convention. False accusations are circulated online daily. Ironically, some of these instigators aren't even Southern Baptist. Nonetheless, they malign SBC ministries and sully the reputations of those who lead them. And for Southern Baptists, our cooperative work is being threatened.
To respond or not to respond? The minister's catch-22
Complicating matters is whether or not one should to respond to a false accusation. It is simply a catch-22. The larger the ministry platform one has, the greater the dilemma. Whichever way you choose to respond, you lose. There is no upside.
If you choose to respond, you give oxygen to the story. You'll draw more attention to the false claim and protract its news cycle. You'll extend both the range and the duration of its reach. You'll generate more clicks for the website, which is often exactly what the accuser is after anyway.
Additionally, responding (and all that response might entail) takes time, and that's time most Christian leaders don't have to waste. Even worse, to respond can be dirty. As Adrian Rogers warned, "You can't wrestle with a skunk and come out smelling like a rose."
Yet, if you don't respond, onlookers may conclude the article is accurate. People may interpret your silence as a tacit admission of guilt. What is more, the lie may continue to be repeated.
When it happens to you
In recent days, I experienced such an attack. It's not the first, and it won't be the last. Inexplicably, an anonymous website published an anonymous article that cited anonymous sources. From start to finish, the article was a complete lie. It wasn't a misunderstanding or even a slight misrepresentation. It was a complete fabrication. It was entirely apocryphal, a total lie. Its intent was to slander me, to impugn me and to do me harm.
Thankfully, the accusations were relatively benign. The blogger wasn't accusing me of scandalous behavior or immoral activity. Thus, the substance of the accusations didn't alarm me much. Rather, the fact that the accusations were so patently untrue did. Thus, I chose not to ignore this one. I chose to engage the article head-on.
I demanded this person produce evidence or retract the article and publicly repent. After 24 hours of pressure, the article was retracted and something of an apology was issued. It was a small, qualified victory in a larger struggle the SBC seems to be losing.
Accountability yes, accusations no
Yet, we must be careful not to unwittingly suppress means of accountability, especially when it comes to matters of doctrine. As Southern Baptists, we know the high price of assuming doctrinal integrity. We dare not be asleep at the wheel theologically. Thus, I'd rather serve in a confessional community too concerned about doctrinal compromise than one apathetic about the same.
Moreover, Southern Baptists have a right to know what their leaders believe, how their entities operate, and why they make the decisions and take the positions they do. Most especially, they have a right to know what their seminaries teach. And it's actually easy to know. Look to the confessional statement(s) the seminaries require their faculty to affirm. There might be more work to do, but that's the right place to start.
As a Southern Baptist seminary president, I'm fully aware the churches own their entities. As a seminary president, I serve Southern Baptists; they don't serve me. I work for Southern Baptists; they don't work for me. Southern Baptists hold me accountable; I don't hold them accountable. I report to Southern Baptists; they don't report to me.
When in doubt, ask questions
The primary context of my accountability within the SBC is the Midwestern Seminary Board of Trustees, but it doesn't end there. I field questions from Southern Baptists regularly, and of course, before the gathered convention every June as well.
And ask questions of our leaders we should. No entity or national leader is above accountability. To ask honest questions isn't launching an attack; it's being a responsible Southern Baptist stakeholder.
I'm always happy to hear from Southern Baptists, and I often do. I work to respond to their correspondence in a timely and forthright manner. At times, my answers may be less than satisfying, especially if personnel or other legally sensitive matters are involved.
For inquirers, the best way to express concerns, especially if you don't personally know the leader, is by writing them a letter. A letter arrives with a certain degree of formality, which prompts a response. A letter has a name associated with it, a return address and, hopefully, a cogent statement of the question or concern.
If you write a letter to a ministry leader, especially a Southern Baptist leader, I'm confident you'll receive an answer from them or their office. If not, you'll have a legitimate complaint and perhaps legitimate cause to escalate by writing the entity's trustee chairman or even drawing public attention to the matter.
In summary, questions are always in bounds. Accusations are always out of bounds. Honest inquirers should be treated with respect. Direct questions should receive direct answers. False accusations should be dismissed, and those who traffic in such should be called out.
The Southern Baptist Convention's organizing principle is that our churches can accomplish more collectively than we can individually. Within the boundaries of the Baptist Faith and Message 2000, we choose to partner for missions, evangelism, theological education and the like.
The SBC's linchpin is mutual trust, which is built upon shared convictions and shared mission. When false accusations abound, that mutual trust is weakened. No organization can long survive, much less thrive, if that trust is daily under assault. Southern Baptists are a great people, but if we are able to maintain doctrinal accountability while rejecting false accusations, we'll be even greater.
As the famous saying goes, "A lie can travel halfway around the world before the truth can get its boots on." If the Southern Baptist Convention is to endure, we're going to have to get our boots on more quickly.